Paleo Indian culture is one of the last great unexplored frontiers of human evolution. Paleo Indians, Paleoindians, or Paleo-Americans, were the earliest people who ever entered and then colonized the Americas through the latter part of the last glacial periods of the Pleistocene era. The prefix” Paleo-” comes from the Greek word palaeos, which means “old.”
One of the marks of this migration are the fossilized footprints of Pre-Pleistocene beings that have been found in many areas all over North America. These discoveries have been interpreted as evidence of a massive migration of peoples across the land.
The Paleo American Culture
Archaeologists have found many artifacts from this culture including figurines, hand tools, sculptures and weapons. archeologist Vincent Roth points out that many of the artifacts found are from “persistent archeological sites which are abandoned, largely from destruction, over the past hundred years”.
This includes sites like Mesa desead, St. Louis Island and others. In addition, there is evidence of early Native American life forms at Panhandle, New Mexico, Fort Ancient culture and others.
Tools And Weapons
Some evidence has also pointed to the fact that Paleo Indians used tools and weapons that are widely regarded as the oldest ones known till date. They have been found at such locations as El Malpais Cave in Peru, near the Chaullese Islands and at Mesa estate in Arizona. Stone tools and weapons have been found at Chiricahua/Chapul/Choctawahua (Laguna Madre), Plopilor (Klamath) and other sites. Similarly, flint tools and spear points were discovered at sites like Luba (Rivaras), Pacaymayu, along with copper implements.
Another significant archeological discovery is the existence of a Neolithic settlement at La Ladera de San Diego. This settlement has yielded a large quantity of flints and spear points. It is evident from the artifacts that the people in this community engaged in large game hunting. Moreover, they built large houses and created pottery, even using red ochre for their pottery. The lifestyle of this culture is quite similar to that of Paleo Indians of today.
Paleo Indian cultures, according to archeologists, practiced agricultural activities. They even used yams, corn, olives, seeds and pinto beans as their basic food source. The communities were well supplied with water which was procured through fountains, underground wells or springs. During the a.d. 1200’s, the Paleo Indians of what is now termed Arizona began practicing permanent settlement. This marked the beginning of a significant change in their lifestyle as compared to the earlier stages of their culture.
Paleo Indian cultures also possessed an elaborate system of community and family honor where food was stored in storage pots. This helped to ensure that the women of the tribe had access to vital supplies of food during times of emergency.
Evidence of pottery with animal skins on it, indicate that these people did not hunt animals for the necessity of meat, but stored food for future use. Similarly, evidence of burnt bone and pottery indicate that they stored food as part of their diet along with animal skins.
The Use Of Earthworks
One important aspect of Paleo Indian culture is the use of earthworks. One of the most prominent earthworks from this period is the Earthwork of Chiricahua, Mexico. This remarkable earthwork, known as the “Ceramic Mayan”, predates the Aztec culture by nearly two thousand years. Ceramic works of this time were a significant part of the Aztec’s society as well as an important tool in their religious rituals. These earthworks became important features of the Aztec religion and helped to make their existence special among the Pueblo people.
In conclusion, the evidence shows that Paleo Indians were the first Americans, which are also known as Paleo Americans. These people settled in the Americas before European explorers arrived on the scene.
They built houses, used fire as a tool, gathered wild foods, practiced hunting and fishing, and built earthworks, such as the earthworks at Chiricahua. These people were a successful group of people because of the way in which they understood nature and built their communities.