Gone are the days when being a doctor or engineer was the be-all and end-all. In fact, today, conventional careers are no longer routine, and fixed working hours have become history! Indian working culture is steadily graduating to become more employee-friendly and flexible. Today it is possible for an engineer to choose from a wide variety of jobs. It has also become easier for an organization to hire and promote employees, thanks to the globalization trend. This article will give you a brief idea of how Indian organizations view their employees today.
Indian Work Culture
The Indian work culture has changed because of changes in technology, a market economy, the lifestyle of Indians and other factors. This has affected every sphere of Indian society, including its business sector. Earlier, the autocratic government policy was to have a ‘full-time female workforce’ which meant women had to stay at home and take care of the household chores. The increasing female population resulted in an imbalance in the ratio of men to women in the workforce. To overcome this problem, the government had to introduce some progressive policies such as the payment of salaries on the basis of merit, encouraging participation of women in economic activities, subsidized cost of house rent and other relevant social services etc.
With the opening up of India to foreign investors, multinational organizations and other multinationals got attracted to invest in various sectors of the Indian economy, especially in the Information technology, BPO and health sectors. With the advent of the internet, Indian IT companies started searching for local skilled professionals that could fulfil their needs. They got a good response from abroad because the working culture and values of the people of India impressed these multinationals, making them feel comfortable to invest in India. Thanks to the growth of the economy of India, the number of foreign companies in India has also increased, and as a result, the competition for jobs in India has gone up too.
With the success of the IT boom, the IT industry of India gained rapid development. However, this boom could not last forever, and as a result, there are numerous challenges on the way to maintain and promote the correct Indian work culture and values among the overseas workforce. Some of the important challenges that have emerged due to the high demand for the services of IT people in the country are lack of work ethics, lack of work-life balance, unhealthy and over-worked environment, and inferior quality of infrastructure and other amenities. In fact, many companies in the UK and the USA have come to India to establish their operations in the country, and they are unable to maintain the right work-life balance among their employees.
Major Problems Of Work Culture
One of the major problems is the kind of work culture that the employees have. Although employers in India encourage a positive work culture among their workers, many are still having problems with employee burn-out and absenteeism. This kind of negative culture often leads to poor quality of output becoming less frequent. In such cases, it is necessary for the HR department to make efforts to instil a better work-life balance into the minds of the workers and managers of an organization. It is also necessary for the employer to understand that positive and healthy work culture is one of the key factors for the success of a business organization.
There are several things that the HRD can do in order to improve the working culture of the organization. One of the major recommendations of the CCM conference held in Chennai in 2021 is for the employers of the foreign staff to create a positive and healthy working culture. Employers should ensure that all their staff are free from any form of harassment and violence at the workplace and that every employee is well-trained and aware of his/her rights and responsibilities at the workplace. A good and positive work culture encourages loyalty among the foreign staff, and this ultimately leads to better efficiency and productivity.
Apart from encouraging loyalty and ensuring that they are well-trained at their jobs, there should also be an attempt to create a strong work ethic among the employees of the organization. To do so, the managers of the organization need to create an environment that allows people to push themselves to work despite the pressures of their professional lives. This is possible only if the managers encourage their employees to express their ideas and to look for innovative solutions to problems facing the organization. Some companies also find it helpful to train their new recruits according to their specific needs. These employees become familiar with the job procedures, and they quickly get used to working in a team environment.
There are many difficulties that an organization may face when it comes to integrating a foreign staff into its own organization. The first and foremost difficulty is the lack of understanding on the part of the management regarding the cultural nuances of the country. This is the biggest hurdle that foreign organizations face when it comes to adopting an Indian work culture. However, as long as these issues are taken care of, there is no reason why companies of all sizes cannot adopt an Indian culture. They should take the necessary steps and train their employees accordingly.