Indian Religions

how many religions are there

Ancient Indian Religions

The world’s oldest religions, Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism are all found in India. Reincarnation, karma, emancipation, and obtaining nirvana are all common beliefs and practices among the three. Around 3500 BCE, these beliefs and customs developed in the Indus River Valley. Many faiths have arisen in India, and a few religions of foreign provenance have prospered here, therefore religion responses in Indian censuses present a magnificent kaleidoscope of the country’s varied socioeconomic mix. India has the distinction of being the birthplace of key religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, while also being home to various indigenous faiths and tribal religions that have weathered the impact of major religions for centuries and continue to retain their footing. The country’s regional coexistence of many religious groups makes it truly unique, and the phrase “unity in diversity” comes to mind.

Now let us know about how many religions are there in India.

  • HINDUISM :- According to many experts, Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, with origins and rituals stretching back over 4,000 years. Hinduism is the third-largest religion in the world, after Christianity and Islam, with around 900 million adherents. India is home to over 95 percent of the world’s Hindus.

There are some key beliefs that are being shared among the Hindus. They are as follows :-

  1. Truth is eternal;
  2. Brahman is truth and reality;
  3. The Vedas are the ultimate authority;
  4. Everyone should strive to achieve Dharma;
  5. Individual souls are immortal;
  6. The goal of the individual soul is moksha;
  • ISLAM :- Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion that proclaims Muhammad to be God’s messenger. With 1.9 billion Muslims (or 24.9 percent of the world’s population), Islam is the world’s second-largest religion. In 47 nations, Muslims make up the majority of the population.
  • CHRISTANITY :- Christianity is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on Jesus of Nazareth’s life and teachings. With around 2.5 billion adherents, it is the world’s largest religion. In the first century, in the Roman province of Judea, Christianity originated as a Second Temple Judaic sect.

Characteristics Of Christianity :-

A stone castle next to a rock wall with Prambanan in the background
  1. Belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the son of God and the Holy Spirit.
  2. The death, descent into hell, resurrection and ascension of Christ.
  3. The holiness of the Church and the communion of saints.
  4. Christ’s second coming, the Day of judgment and salvation of the faithful.
  • SIKHISM :- Sikhism is an Indian religion that began towards the end of the 15th century CE in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. With around 25–30 million Sikhs as of the early twenty-first century, Sikhism is one of the most recent major faiths and the world’s fifth-largest organized religion.
  • JAINISM :- Jainism is an ancient Indian religion that preaches that living a life of harmlessness and renunciation leads to freedom and pleasure. Proper belief, right knowledge, and right behaviour are the three guiding principles of Jainism, known as the “three jewels”. Nonviolence is the highest precept of Jain existence (ahimsa).
  • BUDDHISM :- Buddhism is one of the world’s greatest faiths, with roots in India dating back 2,500 years. Buddhists believe that human existence is filled with sorrow and that the only way to obtain enlightenment, or nirvana, is via meditation, spiritual and physical effort, good behavior, religion, social studies, and storytelling.


India is known for its unity in diversity. The wide variety of religions makes India special from every other country. We have discussed and have known about every religions and have also known about how many religions are there. 

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter