Rajasthan, State of Northwestern India


Rajasthan, also spelled as Rajputana, is a state in the northwestern part of India. It is the largest Indian state with an area of 342,239 sq mi (865,300 km²). The population is 68 million people. It has a long history that extends before 1000 AD. The languages spoken in Rajasthan include Hindi, Marwari, and Sanskrit. The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur. The landscape of Rajasthan is dominated by mountains, deserts, and the Thar desert.

It is famous for its deserts called the Thar Desert and its historic Rajput (Kings)

There are different types of attractions that range from world heritage sites to historical buildings. This is due to Rajasthan being home to some of the oldest civilizations in India which include the Indus Valley Civilization, the Vedic Civilization, and the Gupta Empire. Rajasthan’s economy is also growing which has increased its tourism, making it one of the most favorite tourist destinations in India. A lot of people think that Rajasthan is just a desert, but it’s much more than that.

Rajasthan is filled with various tourist attractions. Here are some of the wonders of Rajasthan you should know about:

The Thar Desert

A large building with Hawa Mahal in the background

The Thar Desert is the world’s 18 largest desert and it is located in Rajasthan, India. The Thar Desert covers over 200,000 sq km and only has rainfall during the monsoon season, which just takes place each year from July to September. The temperature of the area can be as high as 50 degrees Celsius with summers that last for up to six months.


A building lit up at night

Chanderi is a desert where you can find the only grass in Rajasthan and is known as “the Oasis of Rajasthan.” It covers 3,000 sq mi (7,770 km²). The name Chaderi means ‘white land’ because it looks bleached in contrast with its surroundings. It is a short, dark green grass that is commonly used to make roofs of houses throughout the region.


Jodhpur is the second-largest city in Rajasthan, India. It has a population of more than 1 million people. Jodhpur is often referred to as “the blue city” due to the color of the buildings that are located there. The city’s walls are made up of red sandstone and there are many forts within it, such as Mehrangarh Fort. Jodhpur has a rich history dating back to at least the 15th century. The city’s economy is based mainly on tourism in addition to some agriculture.

Cholistan Lake

The largest lake in India, Cholistan Lake, is found in Rajasthan. It spans more than 611 sq mi (1,570 km²). The lake is home to many types of wildlife that include over 308 species of birds, about 31 reptiles, 20 mammals, and 5 amphibians. The lake is also home to some of the largest crocodiles in India that can grow up to 16 feet (4.9 m) long!’s also considered to be one of the most important birds and wildlife habitats in Pakistan and has been designated as a Ramsar site. Cholistan Lake is 4,000 years old.

Ranthambore Fort

Ranthambore Fort is a 13th-century fort built by the ruler of Mewar, which is located in Rajasthan. It was built within a dense forest where tigers live so that their roars would intimidate enemies during battles. The fort was occupied until 1568 when it became part of the Mughal empire after Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap in the Battle of Haldighati. It is now considered to be one of Rajasthan’s most important historical monuments because it reflects its strong connection with India’s history.

Amber Fort

The fort has 7 gates and 18 towers. It was built in 1592 by Maharana Jagat Singh II of the Kachwaha dynasty. The fort is only open 10 AM-6 PM every day, although it is open until noon on Sundays to allow visitors to pray at the Jain temples. The fort was built using traditional Hindu architecture, focusing on the main temple of Shiva.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal is a palace in Jaipur which was built in 1799. It has an intricate design made up of sandstone and red-colored plaster to resemble the honeycomb of a beehive. Its purpose was to allow royal women to observe everyday life in the street below while remaining unseen behind its stone walls.

Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar is a group of structures made by Maharaja Jai Singh II in Jaipur. They were built between 1727 and 1734. The instruments represent the best-preserved ancient observatories in the world, still used to measure the movements of stars and planets. There are 17 structures in the Jantar Mantar Observatory, located on a hill about 5 km from Jaipur. The main purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables.


Jaipur is called “the pink city” because of its pink color, which also happens to be the favorite color of the Indian people. The buildings in the city are made up of pink stone. It has a population of more than 3 million people, making it the second-largest city within Rajasthan. The economy of Jaipur is based on tourism as well as some agriculture. Jaipur’s history goes back to at least the 9th century when it was first mentioned by the name of Jaipur.

To promote tourism, Jaipur established an elaborate transportation system in 2003 including a bus rapid transit system and a large network of cycle paths.

City palace

“City palace” was built in 1727 and is located in the center of Jodhpur. It was originally used as a fort to defend Jodhpur from invasions. It now serves as a museum to showcase the historical artifacts that belonged to the royal family of Jodhpur. Some of the most notable exhibits at the museum (which is located in an area with about 228,000 square feet (21,500 m²) of enclosed space) are costumes worn by the royal family. The architecture of the palace uses both Hindu and Rajput building styles.

Talav Gate

Talav Gate, a world heritage site in Jaipur, is an archway that was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh to honor Lord Lake, who introduced him to Christianity. It is made of marble and sandstone. This monument was initially called the Darshani Delhi but it was renamed as Talav Gate in 1817 because of 21 water bodies surrounding Jaipur which were known as talabs.

Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal

Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal or Bharat Lok Kala Mandal is a museum in Rajasthan that manages many of Rajasthan’s folk art museums. There are more than 20,000 items on display at the premises, which also include paintings by some of India’s best artists including folk artists such as Shri Ram Joshi and his son Balkrishna Joshi.

The museum is housed in a traditional haveli that was built in the 18th century.

Rajasthan State Museum

The museum is found in Jaipur and has a varied collection of arts and crafts dating as far back as from the 5th century AD to modern times. There are miniature paintings, metal objects, carvings, textiles, manuscripts of the Rajput period, Mughal paintings, and examples of Indian folk arts.

The Chambal river

The Chambal River flows through the Indian State of Rajasthan and is an important river that crosses some significant places in the state. It crosses Jaipur, Udaipur, Kota, Bundi, Shahpura, Tonk, Ajmer, and Jodhpur. It does not flow through Delhi but it is connected to it by various canals. Some of its tributaries are the Parbati River, Banas River, Kalindi River, and Beas River. The Chambal originates from the central highland in Madhya Pradesh in the Amarkantak hills at a height of 5300 feet.

Chambal originates from the central highland in Madhya Pradesh in the Amarkantak hills at a height of 5300 feet. It flows through Rajasthan before joining with the Yamuna, which is another famous river that then joins Ganga.

The Ghaggar-Hakra River

The Ghaggar-Hakra River is a river in India and Pakistan. It is a perennial river and flows from glaciers on the north of the Himalayas. It crosses through Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi’s Western District, and Uttar Pradesh before finally flowing into Rajasthan. The river is older than the Vedic period and has acquired mythical status since it once flowed all year round. However, this was changed in 1852 when British engineers constructed a dam across the Ghaggar-Hakra River. This reduced the significance of the Ghaggar-Hakra river which would dry up during the summer months.

Today, the Ghaggar-Hakra river has become an important river in the states of Rajasthan and Haryana. The government is now planning to revive this dying river so it can once again provide water during the hot summers for irrigation, drinking supplies, and hydroelectricity.

The Ghaggar is significant because it was earlier seen as a perennial river that flowed all year round. It has now become dry, which is indicative of the effects of climate change. The government plans to revive this dying river so it can provide an important source of water that will help with irrigation, drinking supplies, and tourism in the region.

Rajasthan is a key region in India. It borders Pakistan and Afghanistan on three sides making it an important region for international relations, but what most tourists come to see are the landmarks that make Rajasthan such a unique place. There are many different attractions within this state of Northwestern India including world heritage sites and historical buildings, as well as festivals that take place throughout the year like Holi or Dussehra Festival. You can explore more about these interesting places by reading through our article which covers some of the most notable landmarks in Rajasthan!

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