What Role Do the Races of India Play in the Unifying Force of India


social structure of india

The political society or state that the people and families in the country constitute is known as a country. A country is actually the legal, cultural, economic, and social organism composed of a vast number of nations where the residents of the country reside. There are various types of countries in the world, and India is one of them. For better understanding, it is important to study the social structure of India separately from any other country.

Role of Indian Races in Unifying India

A view of a stone building that has a rocky cliff

As already explained above, each and every nation has its own social structure. This structure is made up of different kinds of memberships which include men, women, Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe, Backward Class, Disabled, Economically Backward Class, and mentally retarded. Each of these categories or ranks has its own specific functions in the economy of a nation and the government of that nation has to take care of them in a centralized way. Let us study the way the government of India deals with the different categories of citizens in the country.

Let us study the caste structure of india separately. In the constitution of india, castes are mentioned as scheduled castes, backward castes, higher castes, and backward Scheduled Tribe. According to these castes, there are several occupations. So each and every citizen is implied with a particular job or occupation and this job is identified according to the backwardness of the caste or the higherness of the caste. For example, those who belong to the scheduled castes are farmers, villagers, cleaners, hunters, technicians, teachers, engineers, etc.

On the other hand, according to the backwardness, the job or occupation consists of different group of people who are known as Scheduled Tribe, Economically Backward Class, Disabled, Less Educated, and Masculine. On the contrary, according to the higher level of economic backwardness, the social structure of india has three different groups – NRIs, SPs and MNCs. So this social structure of india is quite interesting in the true sense of the term. Let us study it more closely.

The untouchables, in the Indian social structure, are the lowest part of the society. The lowest castes in this social structure are the Muslims, scheduled castes, OBCs, tribal people, and mentally sick people. So the social structure of india has four layers -upper, middle, lower and untouchables. According to the hierarchy in the caste system, Brahmins, Kolis, Dravidars, Jats, scheduled castes, are Brahma, Para-Bhasma, Vaishya, and Buddhists.

On the other hand, the backward classes of India are the lowest part of the society. These castes include the scheduled tribes, hill-dwellers, and the lower castes of Hindu society. So the social structure of india is split into three categories -Brahmin, SCs, and backward classes.

The Muslim population in India is the largest within the country. And so, in the social structure of India, Muslims dominate the top level. But the Muslim-ness of the country does not dominate at the top level, as evident by the presence of different castes like Jats, SCs, and Brahmins in the society. This is because the Muslims dominate at the bottom levels too, where there are the most backward classes of the society. So the Muslim presence in Indian society is quite paradoxical.

End Note

A man and a woman sitting on the ground

So overall, we can say that the social structure of India is a complex mixture of different castes, religions, ethnicity, language, traditions, lifestyle, and customs. Each of these components plays a significant role in shaping the destiny of the country. However, it must be kept in mind that the unifying force in the country is Buddhism. Though it is an import from the external world, it has brought much development and influence to the country. So, without a hint of doubt, we can say that the Buddhist influence has been the unifying force for the social structure of the country.

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